If you want to protect yourself from serious health problems, you should undergo a preventive physical examination on time. The timely examination allows recognizing signs of dangerous diseases in the early stages and thereby save a life.
What is included in a physical exam?
A preventive medical examination begins with a screening for early detection of behavioral risk factors in a screening room.
Here the patient undergoes a screening test: answers questions about nutrition, the presence of bad habits, the level of physical activity, hereditary diseases, etc.
A doctor measures the patient’s height and weight, determines the Kettle index, cholesterol and blood sugar levels (the express method), measures blood pressure and intraocular pressure.
Further, if necessary, the doctor writes out a referral for further examination or consultation with a specialist.
After the patient has been examined in a screening room (for early detection of behavioral factors, hypertension, coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus and glaucoma), he or she is examined for oncopathology (if the patient is subject to this type of screening by age).
For example, women aged 30 to 70 years give a smear for oncocytology, women aged 40 to 70 years undergo a mammogram for early detection of breast cancer, men and women aged 50 to 70 years give a stool sample for early detection of colon cancer.
If any changes are detected, the patient is kept under dynamic observation.
With the exception of screening for the early detection of cervical cancer, which women need to undergo once every 4 years, all other types of preventive medical examinations take place once every 2 years. It all takes no more than one hour.
If the patient did not have time to get a preventive medical examination at the age of 40, then he or she can be examined the next year at the age of 41. The next screening, in this case, will be postponed for another 2 (or 4) years. The main thing is not to ignore the importance of check-ups.
Why are physical exams important?
Examination by a doctor can be carried out quarterly, twice a year or annually. These tests can help you identify any possible diseases that you are susceptible to. Regular check-ups can help you increase your chances of treatment and help you find a cure faster. Clinic selection must be approached with particular care – pay attention to reviews on the Internet.
The thought of huge expenses scares most of us. If someone wants to reduce upcoming health care costs, it is important to schedule a regular medical check-up. Regular checks ensure that you save in the long run because this reduces the risk of dangerous potential diseases.
Prevention of diseases
Regular medical examinations help doctors diagnose the disease before it becomes severe. These checks are based on the person’s age, gender, history and lifestyle.
Doctors can advise numerous tests and preventive examinations to help identify any risk to the patient. These examinations can identify diseases from the start, making them easier to treat.
During a regular examination, your doctor may also ask you to have a blood test. This is done in order to eliminate the risk of diseases that may appear in your blood. These include cholesterol, diabetes, cancer, high blood pressure, anemia, HIV / AIDS, and coronary artery disease. Blood tests also help doctors correctly evaluate the functioning of various organs of the body, such as the liver, kidneys, heart, and thyroid gland.
We live in a fast-paced world with a busy schedule and lifestyle. And stress can cause various diseases. It was found that increased stress and anxiety is directly related to a number of different diseases, both physical and psychological.
These include hypertension, high blood pressure, weight gain, mental disorders, Alzheimer’s disease, depression, asthma and even gastrointestinal problems. Regular medical examinations ensure that these problems are easier to diagnose and identify before they become too serious.